What Is A Crypto Liquidity Pool? Liquidity Pools Explained
Crypto Guides
Crypto Guides
May 25, 2023

What Is A Crypto Liquidity Pool? Liquidity Pools Explained

What Is A Crypto Liquidity Pool? Liquidity Pools Explained

Cryptocurrencies and tokens can be stored in a smart contract and used to facilitate trading on a decentralized exchange known as a liquidity pool (DEX). Many decentralized finance (DeFi) platforms use automated market makers (AMMs) instead of traditional buyers and sellers markets, allowing digital assets to be traded automatically and permissionless through liquidity pools.

But before going any further, we should understand what is meant by Liquidity and Liquidity pool. Liquidity refers to the ease with which a cryptocurrency can be exchanged for another or converted into fiat money. DeFi's token swaps, lending, and borrowing all rely on a high level of liquidity. Low liquidity levels cause volatility in the swap rates of a particular cryptocurrency for that token. In contrast, a token with a high level of liquidity is less likely to experience large price fluctuations.

Liquidity Pools

The DeFi ecosystem's liquidity pools take up a significant amount of real estate. A "liquidity pool" is a type of smart contract that holds a cryptocurrency reserve and is used to facilitate crypto trading. Liquidity pools are referred to as pairs because they contain two tokens. There are numerous decentralized exchanges that use the automated market maker (AMM) model for their liquidity pools. Smart contracts rather than humans are used for trading crypto on AMM-based DEXes, and mathematical formulas determine rates.

On an AMM-based DEX, a user may wish to swap token A for token B. User deposits the desired amount of A into the A-B liquidity pool on DEX, exchanging for a predetermined amount of B determined by a smart contract.

However, the pool must have enough A and B tokens – or, in other words, deep liquidity for both the pool's tokens – before users can swap any amount of A or B at any time. As a result, every DEX utilizing the AMM model strives to maintain the highest level of liquidity possible.

Why Is It Important To Use A Crypto Liquidity Pool?

As any seasoned trader can tell you, entering a market with low liquidity has its own set of risks. Whether you're trading a small-cap cryptocurrency or a penny stock, slippage will always be an issue. Trade slippage is the discrepancy between what an investor expects to pay and what they receive. Slippage is most common in periods of high volatility, but it can also occur when a large order is executed, but there is not enough volume to maintain the bid-ask spread.

During periods of high volatility or low volume, this market order price is determined by the bid-ask spread of the order book for a given trading pair. As a result, it's the price at which sellers are willing to sell the asset, and buyers are willing to buy it. As a result, a lack of liquidity can result in more slippage and a trade price that is far above the original market order price.

To address the issue of illiquid markets, liquidity pools encourage users to provide crypto liquidity in exchange for a portion of trading fees. No buyer and seller matching are required when using protocols like Bancor or Uniswap. Because of smart contracts and user-provided liquidity, token holders can easily exchange their holdings for new ones.

What Role Do They Play in DeFi? 

When it comes to decentralized exchanges, crypto liquidity pools play a critical role (DEXs). Users can use DEX's smart contracts to create a pool of liquid assets that traders can use to exchange currencies. The DeFi ecosystem relies on liquidity pools for speed, convenience, and liquidity.

Before introducing automated market makers (AMMs), DEXs running on Ethereum had trouble obtaining enough liquidity in the crypto market. To find buyers and sellers who were willing to trade regularly at the time, DEXs were a new technology with a complicated interface and a small number of buyers and sellers. Liquidity pools are created, and liquidity providers are given incentives to supply assets to these pools by AMMs, eliminating the need for third-party middlemen and thus the liquidity problem. It is easier to trade on decentralized exchanges with more assets in a pool and more liquidity in a pool.

Now, we should some Pros and Cons of the Crypto Liquidity pool.


  • The main benefit of LPs is that you won't have to worry about finding a partner who shares your passion for cryptocurrency.
  • If you've ever tried cryptocurrency trading, you've almost certainly encountered investors who want to sell it for exorbitantly high prices or buy it for bargain-basement prices. To win, you'll need exceptional negotiating skills as well as a strong sense of self. Sadly, not everyone has access to these.
  • On the other hand, Liquidity Pools alter the value of cryptocurrencies based on the exchange rate of the platform.
  • You can use the Liquidity Pool to store your assets automatically updated under currency exchange rates.


  • Risks associated with smart contracts could lead to unmanageable losses if ignored. When you put money into a liquidity pool, the pool owns it. The contract itself may serve as the custodian of your assets, even though there are no intermediaries. As a result, if the system has a flaw, such as a flash loan, you could lose all of your money.
  • When you lend money to an AMM, you run the risk of suffering a short-term loss. When compared to Holding, such a loss has a lower dollar value. There are times when it's small and times when it's large. Double-sided liquidity pools require advanced research if you plan to invest in them.
  • Be on the lookout for projects where the creators have the power to alter the pool's rules. Developers may access the smart contract code with an admin key or other privileges. This could give them access to the pool's funds, which they could then use for their own ends.

How and why Crypto Liquidity Pools' Unexpected Value? 

Take a look at it:

In the early stages of DeFi, DEXs had difficulty modeling traditional market makers due to a lack of crypto market liquidity. Instead of having a seller and buyer match in an order book, users are incentivized to provide liquidity through liquidity pools. As a result, the DeFi industry was able to experience explosive growth as a result of this powerful, decentralized solution for liquidity. Despite their necessity, liquidity pools have introduced a new method of providing decentralized liquidity algorithmically through pools of asset pairs incentivized and funded by users.


In the current DeFi platform, liquidity pools are a key component. They permit, among other things, decentralized trade, lending, and yield production. There is no doubt that smart contracts will play an increasingly important role in DeFi going forward. You can begin to learn DeFi to better understand the technology and its applications. Using cryptocurrency's liquidity, liquidity pools are a great way to earn passive income. A solid platform and the best pools are essential to ensuring a steady and secure income.